1. cithern

noun. a 16th century musical instrument resembling a guitar with a pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings.


  • gittern
  • cittern
  • guitar
  • cither

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Example sentences of the word cithern

1. Noun, singular or mass
An actor in William Shakespeare's company, Philip Henslowe, recorded in his diary that the company owned trumpets, drums, a treble viol, a bass viol, a bandore and a cithern.